HIV in Prisons, 2001-2010

This bulletin from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics presents national trends among state and federal prison inmates from 2001 to 2010 in the rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), as well as AIDS-related death rates among this population. Highlights include:

  • The rate of HIV/AIDS among state and federal prison inmates declined from 194 cases per 10,000 inmates in 2001 to 146 per 10,000 at yearend 2010.
  • Between 2001 and 2010, the average annual decline of 16% in the national AIDS mortality rate mirrored the decline in small (down 12%), medium (down 17%), and large (down 19%) state prison populations.
  • AIDS-related deaths in state prisons declined from 89 in 2009 to 69 in 2010 among males, from 70 to 43 among black non-Hispanics, and from 87 to 60 among all state inmates age 35 or older.

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